With more than 35 years of experience in cultural resource management, Mr. Self provides the project direction and coordination necessary to complete even the most complex archaeological contract work. Mr. Self has, since 1973, served as USDA Forest Archaeologist on the Inyo National Forest (out of the Lee Vining District in eastern CA), as State Archaeologist in the Nevada State Historic Preservation Office, and as a Senior Scientist with Bechtel Corp., conducting and managing archaeological investigations and environmental studies on very large, complex infrastructure projects throughout the United States and in numerous foreign countries (Zhungheer Coal Mine, Inner Mongolia, China; Krsko Nuclear Power Plant, Slovenia). He held a position as NEPA Environmental Planner with the City of San Francisco Planning Department for two years. Since 1988 he has served as President/CEO of William Self Associates, Inc., a full-service cultural resource consulting firm working on more than 1,000 projects in 20 states. He has been a member of the Register of Professional Archaeologists since 1980, and has held or currently holds BLM and USFS permits as Principal Investigator for archaeological survey or testing on lands in California, Arizona, Utah, Nevada, Oregon and Washington. He is widely experienced in all aspects of research, survey, testing, data recovery and analysis in historic and prehistoric archeology. He is intimately familiar with state and federal historic preservation regulations and has prepared Agreement Documents with numerous State Historic Preservation Offices for several projects. He has worked closely with dozens of Native American tribal groups and individuals throughout the western United States.
Dr. Allan has more than 30 years experience in cultural resource management, involving historic, maritime, and prehistoric archaeology investigations. He is a Principal and Vice President of WSA, Inc. and directs operations in the company's Pacific Region office in the San Francisco area. He has served as Principal Investigator on numerous projects in the San Francisco Bay area, including the 300 Spear Street Project, during which he oversaw the recovery of the intact post-Gold-rush era whaling ship Candace and the excavation of the Hare ship breaking yard - one of San Francisco's earliest entrepreneurial enterprises. He directed the Muni Metro Turnback Project, a $275M transit extension in downtown San Francisco that included excavation of a portion of the historic ship Rome from the project alignment, and the 400 Howard Street Project, during which the remains of San Francisco's first coal gasification plant were excavated. He has also served as the Principal Investigator for the WTA-Oyster Point Project, the remote sensing and underwater resource evaluation of the Oakland-San Francisco Bay Bridge, Carquinez Bridge, Benicia Bridge and Richmond-San Rafael Bridge seismic retrofit projects for Caltrans and has conducted remote sensing archaeological investigations in San Francisco Bay on behalf of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. He has supervised record searches, survey and reporting on over 100 projects in the San Francisco Bay Area, California, and Arizona, and most recently oversaw the excavation and documentation of one of the Bay Area's earliest shellmound sites. Dr. Allan is an adjunct professor in the Anthropology Department at Saint Mary's College of California, is a consultant to the California State Lands Commission on matters pertaining to the state's submerged cultural heritage, serves a Research Fellow of the Archaeological Research Facility at the University of California, Berkeley, and is a member of the National Park Service's Historical Landmarks Committee.
Dr. Karbula received his Ph.D. from University of Texas at Austin in 2000, and served for over ten years as Principal Archeologist and Program Manager for a diversified archeological and architectural history program in an environmental services firm in Austin, Texas. Since 2008, he has served as WSA Principal Archaeologist of our Southern Region office in Austin, Texas. His responsibilities have included coordination with local, state, federal and SHPO regulatory staff under Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act and the Texas Antiquities Code. James has conducted projects for several federal agencies including the Ft. Worth District of the USACE, the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS), the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the United States Section International Boundaries and Water Commission (USIBWC). Since Joining WSA he has been responsible for pipeline, industrial and development projects in Texas, Oklahoma, and Arkansas. He is experienced in National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) compliance through the authorship of numerous chapters for TxDOT District Environmental Impact Statements, Environmental Assessments, and Categorical Exclusion documents (EIS, EA, CE).
James has functioned as Project Manager and Principal Investigator for over 50 Texas Antiquities Code Permits for archeological investigations in the form of surveys, testing, and data recovery projects in various regions of Texas (Phase I, II and III investigations). James has supervised successful testing and data recovery projects on a variety of Archaic and Late Prehistoric sites including burned rock midden and open occupation sites. James has conducted intensive mechanical field investigations in Texas deep terrace sites of the Clear Fork of the Trinity River (Tarrant Co.), San Antonio River (Bexar Co.), Onion and Barton Creeks (Travis Co.), Brushy and Berry Creeks (Williamson Co.). Dr. Karbula's historic archeological expertise includes functioning as Principal Investigator for several large, complex multi-block mechanical and hand excavations of mid-late 19th century urban and industrial sites for the City of Austin, Texas.
Dr. Estes has more than 25 years experience in supervising archaeological projects including excavation, construction monitoring, artifact analysis, curation, and technical reporting. Dr. Estes began his archaeological career in 1986 working for the University of California, Berkeley at the site of Tel Dor, Israel. While there, he managed field crews in the excavation and artifact analysis at one of Israel's largest archaeological sites. Since 1996, Dr. Estes has served as Assistant Director and has been in charge of all fieldwork for the UC Berkeley team during their annual trip to the site. Dr. Estes joined WSA in 1995 and has since worked on projects including the Mid-Embarcadero Surface Roadway and F-Line Extension, the Four Seasons Hotel, One Embarcadero South, and 1045 Mission Street projects. Dr. Estes has served as project manager supervising field crews in construction monitoring, excavation, artifact analysis, and curation as well as preparing the technical reports for the Kramer Junction Pipeline Project in southern California, the Hercules Victoria, LLC, Residential Project in Hercules, California, and the San Francisco Museum Towers, 1st and Howard Streets, 560 Mission Street and 530 Chestnut Street projects in San Francisco. In addition to California, he has managed field crews in Arizona, Nevada and Utah, and is currently directing portions of the UNEV pipeline project fieldwork in Utah and Nevada.
Dr. Price has more than 25 years of wide-ranging experience in archaeology and serves as Regional Project Director of WSA's Pacific Region office. She began her professional career as an archaeologist for the USDA Forest Service on the Unaka National Forest in Tennessee, has conducted research on early human archaeological evidence in southern France, has served as lithic analyst for a research expedition to Mongolia, and has taught archaeology at the University of California, Berkeley, at San Francisco State University, and the College of Marin. She has been a cultural resources management specialist in northern California for over 10 years, and served as a WSA Project Director for 5 years prior to becoming Regional Project Director. Dr. Price is experienced in the National Historic Preservation Act Section 106 and the California Environmental Quality Act Sections 15064.5 and 15126.4 review processes. She conducts and directs all aspects of archaeological field investigations, including survey and inventory, Native American consultation, burial treatment, data recovery, construction monitoring, research, as well as the production of multi-volume technical reports. Recent projects directed by Dr. Price include data recovery at the Bay Street retail center in the Emeryville Shellmound, the Canyon Oaks development, and Rossmoor detention basin; more than 600 prehistoric human burials were recovered and analyzed on these projects in consultation with local Native American representatives. She is currently involved in large transportation and water management projects subject to NHPA Section 106. Dr. Price has a technical expertise in lithic analysis and is 40-hr HAZWOPER certified.
Dr. Farnsworth has over 30 years of experience in archaeology and has conducted archaeological investigations in California, Louisiana, the Bahamas, Jamaica, England and France. He is a specialist in historical archaeology with research interests in Native American culture change since European contact, the development of African-American cultures in the New World, as well as British, French and Spanish colonial cultures. The development of American life in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries is another of his major interests. Dr. Farnsworth spent five years as the curator of archaeological collections for UCLA's Fowler Museum of Cultural History, and worked extensively as a private archaeological consultant in Southern and Central California, before joining the faculty of Louisiana State University for seventeen years, rising to the rank of Professor and Department Chair. He has written numerous articles and book chapters as well as authoring and editing several books and monographs. Dr. Farnsworth has been a member of the Register of Professional Archaeologists since 1987 and has carried out archaeological research projects in conjunction with the California Department of Parks and Recreation, Louisiana State Parks Department, the Louisiana State Archives, the Bahamas National Trust, and the Bahamian Government, in addition to work for the private sector and historic preservation groups.
Mr. Fino has 10 years of experience in developing geographic information system-based maps for use in the assessment and analysis of technical issues, to facilitate project decisions (e.g., on pipeline routing through archaeologically sensitive areas), and as essential graphical components of WSA's technical reports. As a GIS Specialist, Nazih develops maps using field-generated GPS data, and prepares GIS/GPS-based maps for use in project reports and other project documents. He has conducted GIS/GPS mapping for archaeological Area of Potential Effect (APE) Maps on over 600 miles of pipeline projects, including the East Line Expansion Project, El Paso to Phoenix Expansion Project, and the UNEV Pipeline project; this work occurred throughout the southwest and intermountain west areas. Nazih received a Master of Archaeology degree from Jordan University (Amman) in 1997, and in 2005, received a Master of Urban Planning degree from San Jose State University (CA), with an emphasis in GIS planning applications, computer urban design, environmental, land use and urban planning. Prior to working at WSA, he gained experience in geographic information systems development while working in the Data Management Division of the City Planning Department of the City of San Jose, California. Nazih is fluent in Arabic.
Mr. Boley has 13 years of CRM contract and academic experience in the archaeology of the American Southwest, primarily in the Sonoran Desert. As a crew member at large-scale excavations of Hohokam villages in the Phoenix Basin, he familiarized himself with the excavation and documentation of many types of prehistoric features, including mortuary and architectural features. During Michael's graduate school training at the University of Arizona, he taught undergraduates both excavation techniques and the material culture and culture history of the Hohokam. He most recently served as assistant field director/crew chief on the extensive data recovery portion of the SFPP, L.P. East Line Expansion Project excavations at Cienega Creek in southern Arizona. Michael's primary research interests are in lithic analysis and the movement of goods through prehistoric trade networks. His M.A. thesis, an obsidian sourcing study, combined these interests. Michael serves as Regional Project Director in our Southwest Region Office in Tucson, Arizona.
Dr. Damp holds a Ph.D. in Archaeology from the University of Calgary and has extensive experience in cultural resource management, having run both large and small projects and having managed a successful cultural resource firm in northwest New Mexico. His most recent experience has been concentrated in Utah where he has overseen projects throughout the state; he manages WSA's Great Basin and Intermountain projects from our Cedar City, Utah office.
Dr. Damp previously served as Director of the Zuni Heritage and Historic Preservation Office (Tribal Historic Preservation Office, Pueblo of Zuni), in New Mexico, and, among many other efforts, served on the Technical Work Group for the Glen Canyon Dam Adaptive Management Program for the Department of the Interior. He has considerable experience in a number of different cultural environments including Utah, New Mexico, and Arizona (18 years), as well as the Northern Plains and Intermountain area, the Arctic and Sub-Arctic, and South America. He served as a Project Director with the Applied Research Group/Department of Anthropology at the Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawai'i for 4 years.
Dr. Damp has published the results of his work in such journals as American Antiquity, Science, Geoarchaeology, Current Anthropology, and Economic Botany, and has published books with the University of Utah Press, the University of Arizona Press, and the Smithsonian Institution. Although neither a paleoethnobotanist nor a geologist by training, he possesses the skills to effectively collaborate with colleagues in cultural resources management to produce professional research results in these technical areas. He served as Principal Investigator for the Cultural Resource Facility, and Director for the Center for Indian Community Development (and Assistant Professor in Anthropology) at Humboldt State University in Arcata, California. He also served as an Instructor at Centro de Estudios Arqueológicos y Antropológicos, Escuela Superior Politécnica del Litoral, Guayaquil, Ecuador, and a visiting Instructor at Universidad del Norte, Antofagasta, Chile.
Ms. Arrigoni has ten years of professional experience working as an archaeologist and historian throughout California. Aimee's academic work focused on the 19th-century history of northern California. Specifically, she has researched the post-gold rush settlement that shaped the future demographics, land use, and economy of the region surrounding the San Francisco Bay Area. In addition, her work focused on the way in which settlers interacted with local Native Americans during this period of dramatic transition. Her recent experience includes field work and analysis associated with the Canyon Oaks Project in Pleasanton, where she conducted lab analysis of several hundred late 19th and early 20th century historic artifacts, including those of Euro-American and Chinese origin. She has also recently analyzed the collection of over 800 gold rush-era and maritime artifacts associated with early settlement in San Francisco as part of the 300 Spear Street project. In early 2007 she managed the data recovery excavations, analysis and technical reporting associated with the 400 Howard Street project, the site of the first coal gasification facility in San Francisco; she is also working on the site of the new California Academy of Sciences in Golden Gate Park, once home to the 1894 Midwinter Expo.
Trevor Self received his B.A. from St. Mary's College in California in 2006, majoring in Spanish and Political Sciences, and is fluent in Spanish, having spent much of his college education at the University of Carlos III in Madrid, Spain. He spent several years working intermittently for WSA in the Pacific Region office, gaining valuable experience in historic archaeological excavation, including the exposure and recovery of the 19th century ship Candace in downtown San Francisco. He assisted with removal of scores of prehistoric human burials at both the Rossmoor Basin site in Lafayette and the Canyon Oaks site in Pleasanton, and has exposed prehistoric house floors and other features as part of excavation. He has conducted archaeological survey in several states, recording sites and features as part of the work. He attended the archaeological field school at Tel Dor in Israel (directed by Dr. Allen Estes of WSA), gaining considerable experience in many areas of archaeology. He began using the Trimble GeoXT GPS and Leica Total Station on several survey and excavation projects, and, in conjunction with his intimate familiarity with mapping and other software, has responsibility as the GIS Manager for WSA out of our Southwest Region office, managing all of the GIS and cartographic needs for the Southwest, Great Basin and Southern Region offices. He uses ArcGIS, Expert GPS, Map Publisher, several Adobe products, and other software to manipulate data as it arrives from the field, allowing maximum use of the information for geospatial planning and illustration purposes. Trevor received his Masters of Science degree in Geographic Information Services Technology at the University of Arizona in 2011.
Mr. O’Mack has over 25 years of experience in archaeology and historic preservation. Before settling in Tucson in 1998, he worked as an archaeologist and ethnohistorian on a wide variety of projects in Mexico, Central America, and the U.S. Midwest. Since 1998, he has specialized in the history and historic archaeology of Arizona and New Mexico, with a particular focus on the multicultural history of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. His recent projects have included studies of ranching history in southern Arizona, field documentation of historical-period irrigation systems in Arizona and New Mexico, historic context development for the archaeological remains of Hispanic settlements in New Mexico, an oral-historical study of a Mexican pottery-making community in southern California, and in-depth archival research on a nineteenth-century cemetery in downtown Tucson. Mr. O'Mack is actively involved in numerous Pima County On-Call contract projects throughout southern Arizona.
Ms. Wygant received her B.S. from Kent State University with a major in archaeology. During this time, she participated in the University of Arizona Summer Field School in Pinedale, Arizona. She obtained her M.A. from the University of Arizona in 2007. Her thesis focused on the exchange of copper bells, macaws, and shell objects throughout the American Southwest and northern Mexico. In graduate school, she participated in the Proyecto Arqueológico Ceibal-Petexbatun, excavating Maya ruins in Guatemala. While at WSA, she has undertaken field research, curation, and many aspects of report preparation, including creating maps from data gathered in the field and illustrating artifacts.
Melanie A. Medeiros, MA, received her BA in Archaeology and Classical Studies from Cornell College in 2003, and her MA in Anthropology (Archaeology) from the University of Arizona in 2005. In 2006/2007, she held an appointment as the Technical Editor for the Arizona State Museum Archaeological Series, during which time she help to bring two volumes of the series to publication. Although Melanie specializes in the prehistory of the Southwest, having served as a crew chief and ground stone analyst for the Homol’ovi Research Program from 2003 through 2006, she has also conducted excavation and survey in the Goshute Valley and at the Bonneville Estates Rock Shelter (both in Nevada), which allowed her to acquire experience in Paleoindian archaeology and flaked stone analysis. Melanie joined the WSA team in May 2007, initially performing the record search and authoring the Class I report for the ADOT I-10 Widening Project from SR 202L to Junction I-8. Melanie also completed the review and revision of the extensive data recovery report for Kinder Morgan’s East Line Expansion Project, and she is currently involved in preparing and revising the data recovery report for Kinder Morgan’s El Paso-to-Phoenix Expansion Project. She also has contributed to the preparation and editing of the Class III survey report for the Nevada segment of the UNEV project and is co-author of the Class III survey report for the Utah segment of the same project. Melanie is currently pursuing her doctorate in Anthropology at the University of Arizona; her primary research interests include ground stone analysis and the development of foodways/cuisine and archaeological definitions of technology and analysis frameworks for prehistoric technologies.
Mr. Valdes earned an M.S. in Biology from Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ in 2000 and a B.S. in Zoology/Terrestrial Biology from California State University, Long Beach, CA in 1994. He holds Federal Endangered Species Permit No. TE092622-0 and is an Authorized Desert Tortoise Biologist. He currently holds federal permits to survey and/or nest monitor for the California gnatcatcher, least Bell's vireo, cactus ferruginous pygmy-owl, and southwestern willow flycatcher. He manages projects and technical tasks for numerous government and private clients in the following areas: NEPA Compliance, Army Corps of Engineers 404 permitting, Section 7 Endangered Species Consultation, natural resource mitigation planning, NPDES permits, and FERC compliance on natural gas pipelines, among others. He has extensive experience working with Oil and Gas pipeline clients from initial natural resource exploration to construction and right-of-way restoration. He is proficient in managing costs, schedules, staffing, quality control, safety, and coordination of subcontractors. He has experience managing large multi-state utility projects, working with agencies, and building client relationships.